Here are some notes on installing TensorFlow on Fedora with Cuda support. I started with the Nvidia instructions. This install was performed on Fedora 23. I’m using an Nvidia 1060 GTX, so I needed to use CUDA 8.0. I ended up installing for Python 2.7 as that looked like the most straightforward approach for the install. Using these notes will hopefully save you 1-2 hours… Enjoy! If you need help getting software development done, including machine learning, contact me and the Coderbuddy team.
Get started with these instructions at the Nvidia site, and note my changes below:
Step 1. Install NVIDIA CUDA — Fedora 23 version is available for download from Nvidia
sudo dnf clean all sudo dnf install cuda
Step 2. Install NVIDIA cuDNN
Step 3. Install and Upgrade Pip
sudo dnf install python-devel python-pip sudo pip2 install --upgrade pip
Step 4. Install Bazel — by compiling from source
sudo dnf install swig
NOTE: software-common-properties not needed
Let’s install Bazel on Fedora by compiling from source!… using notes at:
check gpg signature, sha256 sum
mkdir bazel mv *-dist.zip bazel cd bazel unzip *.zip
check your java version
java -version alternatives --config java
You may also need to set JAVA_HOME
To find the needed value/location to use for JAVA_HOME:
ls -al /usr/bin/javac , follow symbolic links (e.g. by doing ls -al on each link )
I ended up with:
JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.8.0-openjdk-184.108.40.206-1.b16.fc23.x86_64 bash ./compile.sh
Note: replace ‘user’ with your username
Build successful! Binary is here: /home/user/Downloads/bazel/output/bazel
sudo cp /home/user/Downloads/bazel/output/bazel /usr/local/bin
Step 5. Install TensorFlow
git clone https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow cd tensorflow
Note: DON’T! do git reset –hard
Optional, these may help:
NOTES: reply ‘n’ to any ‘build support’ questions here besides GPU support for highest probability of success, you may also see questions on Hadoop and OpenCL support, etc. Also note I had to type in the location for gcc as /usr/bin/gcc, rather than the ccache default. You can double-check location of cuda-8.0 and cudnn5 using find command in /usr/local/cuda and /usr/local/cuda-8.0 (e.g. cd /usr/local/cuda, find . -name *5*). Although you’re using cuDNN 5.1, you only type in 5 here.
Please specify the location of python. [Default is /usr/bin/python]:
Do you wish to build TensorFlow with Google Cloud Platform support? [y/N] n
No Google Cloud Platform support will be enabled for TensorFlow
Do you wish to build TensorFlow with GPU support? [y/N] y
GPU support will be enabled for TensorFlow
Please specify which gcc nvcc should use as the host compiler. [Default is /usr/lib64/ccache/gcc]: /usr/bin/gcc
Please specify the Cuda SDK version you want to use, e.g. 7.0. [Leave empty to use system default]: 8.0
Please specify the location where CUDA 8.0 toolkit is installed. Refer to README.md for more details. [Default is /usr/local/cuda]: /usr/local/cuda-8.0
Please specify the Cudnn version you want to use. [Leave empty to use system default]: 5
Please specify the location where cuDNN 5 library is installed. Refer to README.md for more details. [Default is /usr/local/cuda-8.0]: /usr/local/cuda
Please specify a list of comma-separated Cuda compute capabilities you want to build with.
You can find the compute capability of your device at: https://developer.nvidia.com/cuda-gpus.
Please note that each additional compute capability significantly increases your build time and binary size.
[Default is: “3.5,5.2”]: 5.2,6.1
Setting up Cuda include
Setting up Cuda lib64
Setting up Cuda bin
Setting up Cuda nvvm
Setting up CUPTI include
Setting up CUPTI lib64
This took 1100 seconds (approx. 18 minutes) to run on my system (or else that was one of the other commands before or after it :).
bazel build -c opt --config=cuda //tensorflow/tools/pip_package:build_pip_package sudo pip2 install wheel bazel-bin/tensorflow/tools/pip_package/build_pip_package /tmp/tensorflow_pkg
sudo pip2 install --upgrade /tmp/tensorflow_pkg/tensorflow-0.*.whl
Step 5. Upgrade protobuf
sudo pip2 install --upgrade https://storage.googleapis.com/tensorflow/linux/cpu/protobuf-3.0.0b2.post2-cp27-none-linux_x86_64.whl
Step 6. Test your installation
$ cd $ python >>> import tensorflow as tf
I tensorflow/stream_executor/dso_loader.cc:125] successfully opened CUDA library libcublas.so.8.0 locally
I tensorflow/stream_executor/dso_loader.cc:116] Couldn’t open CUDA library libcudnn.so.5. LD_LIBRARY_PATH: /home/user/torch/install/lib:/home/user/torch/install/lib:/home/user/torch/install/lib:/home/user/torch/install/lib:/home/user/torch/install/lib:
I tensorflow/stream_executor/cuda/cuda_dnn.cc:3459] Unable to load cuDNN DSO
I tensorflow/stream_executor/dso_loader.cc:125] successfully opened CUDA library libcufft.so.8.0 locally
I tensorflow/stream_executor/dso_loader.cc:125] successfully opened CUDA library libcuda.so.1 locally
I tensorflow/stream_executor/dso_loader.cc:125] successfully opened CUDA library libcurand.so.8.0 locally
W tensorflow/core/platform/cpu_feature_guard.cc:95] The TensorFlow library wasn’t compiled to use SSE4.2 instructions, but these are available on your machine and could speed up CPU computations.
W tensorflow/core/platform/cpu_feature_guard.cc:95] The TensorFlow library wasn’t compiled to use AVX instructions, but these are available on your machine and could speed up CPU computations.
W tensorflow/core/platform/cpu_feature_guard.cc:95] The TensorFlow library wasn’t compiled to use AVX2 instructions, but these are available on your machine and could speed up CPU computations.
W tensorflow/core/platform/cpu_feature_guard.cc:95] The TensorFlow library wasn’t compiled to use FMA instructions, but these are available on your machine and could speed up CPU computations.
>>> sess = tf.Session() I tensorflow/stream_executor/cuda/cuda_gpu_executor.cc:910] successful NUMA node read from SysFS had negative value (-1), but there must be at least one NUMA node, so returning NUMA node zero I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:885] Found device 0 with properties: name: GeForce GTX 1060 3GB major: 6 minor: 1 memoryClockRate (GHz) 1.7085 pciBusID 0000:01:00.0 Total memory: 2.94GiB Free memory: 2.28GiB I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:906] DMA: 0 I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:916] 0: Y I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:975] Creating TensorFlow device (/gpu:0) -> (device: 0, name: GeForce GTX 1060 3GB, pci bus id: 0000:01:00.0)
Now you’re in business. As you can see, you can finetune the TensorFlow library compilation to take advantage of additional instructions if you’d like to go back and work on it more. Hope this helps and saves you plenty of time, so you can get onto building applications with TensorFlow!
Adrian Scott is a pioneer of social networking, having founded Ryze. He was also a founding investor in Napster. He currently helps companies build & ship technology and grow their metrics, as CEO of Coderbuddy.